How a Salt System Operates
Salt systems have three main components.
The first component is plain old salt. You have to have a minimum level of about 3000 parts per million of salt in the pool water. Salt makes the water conductive so that the electricity can pass between the plates in the cell. If the salt level goes too low, then the chlorine production simply stops. Salt is also the raw material from which the chlorine is produced.
The control unit is a device that sends power to the salt cell. The unit controls how much chlorine is produced by regulating how long the power is applied to the cell. If you turn the control knob way down, then the unit might apply power to the cell only 25% of the time, thereby producing less chlorine. If you turn the control knob up, then the unit would apply power to the cell for a longer period of time. The amount of power applied to the cell does not increase or decrease.
The control unit will often sense the level of salt in the pool and indicate the need to add more salt.
Self cleaning units have a feature built into the unit that reverses the polarity of the voltage through the cell in order to clean any scale buildup off of the cell plates.
The salt cell is a series of plates with opposite charges in a cell. As the water passes between the plates, electrolysis takes place, releasing the chlorine in the salt.
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Cell Maintenance Tips
Cell cleaning frequency is dependent on several factors. pH and calcium levels in the water are the two that have the greatest effect on how often the cell requires cleaning.
Maintaining pH at the levels recommended in the Operating Instructions (7.2 – 7.8) should result in cell cleaning 3-4 times a year in areas with hard water. Cells can be cleaning less frequently in soft water areas.
The cell will require maintenance when the “Inspect Cell” light is either flashing or is on solid and the salt level is confirmed to be above 2500 part per million.
Procedure for cleaning Turbo Cell
- Turn Filter pump off.
- Remove the AquaRite Turbo Cell from its position in the plumbing by loosening the unions on both ends of the cell.
- You will need a small plastic bucket (6 – 8″ opening), water and muriatic acid. (Picture A)
- Fill the bucket with 3 – 4″ of water. (Picture B)
- Set the Turbo Cell, on end, in the bucket of water. (Picture C)
- Add 1 – 1 1/2″ of muriatic to the water in the bucket. Let the cell sit in this solution for 5-10 minutes. (Picture D)
- Turn the cell over and let the other end sit in the solution for 5 – 10 minutes. You will be submersing the cord, which will not be affected by the mild acid solution. (Picture E) Look in both ends of the cell to confirm calcium deposits are removed. If not, repeat cleaning procedure.
- Rinse cell with fresh water and replace in plumbing line. Hand tighten unions before restoring power to filter pump.
IMPORTANT: DISPOSE OF WATER AND ACID MIXTURE IN A SAFE MANNER BY POURING THE CONTENTS OF THE BUCKET IN YOUR POOL.